Graduate sections

Graduate Studies

Letter from the Chair

Reading List for Preliminary Doctoral Examinations in Russian History

Prepared by Diane Koenker, John Randolph, and Mark Steinberg
Revised September 2007

The following is a foundation list, subject to alteration and amendment as new studies are published and as fits the particular program of the student. Students constructing major or minor fields in Russian history, in consultation with faculty, are to construct their own appropriate study lists. The following titles are meant as an aid in this process, guided by the principle of combining substantive coverage with important interpretive contributions and directions. Works marked with an asterisk (*) are especially helpful for students preparing a minor field in Russian history, and it is assumed that both major and minor lists will include most of these core items. With few exceptions, articles in current journals have not been included, though such students should be aware of such new work. The list also does not include many useful primary sources, novels, and memoirs.

Students with minor fields in Russian history should prepare lists of approximately 40-50 works. Students with major fields should develop lists of approximately 120-150 works. Although the lists below are organized by 3 main chronological subdivisions (Early, Late Imperial, and Post-1917) some works overlap eras and may be repeated in lists. Coverage of all chronological periods and themes is expected.

Suggested Textbook Introductions to Russian History

*Cambridge History of Russia, 3 volumes (2006)
Freeze, Gregory L., ed. Russia: A History (1997)
Hosking, Geoffrey, Russia and the Russians: A History (2001)
Kliuchevskii, V. O. Course in Russian History (various editions.)
Raeff, Marc. Imperial Russia, 1682-1825 (1971)
*Riasanovsky, Nicholas, and Mark Steinberg. A History of Russia 7th ed. (2004)


General Overviews, 800-1815

Crummey, Robert O. The Formation of Muscovy, 1304-1613 (1987)
Curta, Florin,. The Making of the Slavs: History and Archaeology of the Lower Danube Region, 500-700 (2001)
De Madariaga, Isabel. Russia in the Age of Catherine the Great (1981)
Fennell, J. L. I. A History of the Russian Church to 1448 (1995)
Franklin, Simon, and Jonathan Shepard. The Emergence of Rus, 750-1200 (1996)
Halperin, Charles. Russia and the Golden Horde: The Mongol Impact on Russian History (1985)
Hughes, Lindsey. Russia in the Age of Peter the Great (1998)
* Kappeler, Andreas. The Russian Empire: A Multiethnic History (2001)
Kliuchevsky, V. A Course in Russian History: The Seventeenth Century (1968)
Levin, Eve. Sex and Society in the World of the Orthodox Slavs, 900-1700 (1989)
* Lieberman, Victor. Beyond Binary Histories: Re-Imagining Eurasia to c. 1830 (1999)
* Martin, Janet. Medieval Russia, 980-1584 (1995)
Ostrowski, Donald. Muscovy and the Mongols: Cross-Cultural Influences on the Steppe Frontier, 1304-1589 (1998)
* Richards, John F. The Unending Frontier: An Environmental History of the Early Modern World (2003)

Political History (Rulers, Polity, Institutions, Rebellions)

Avrich, Paul. Russian Rebels, 1600-1800 (1972)
Cross, Samuel Hazzard, and Olgerd P. Sherbowitz-Wetzor, ed. and trans. The Russian Primary Chronicle: Laurentian Text (n.d.)
De Madariaga, Isabel. Ivan the Terrible (2005)
* Dunning, Chester S. L. Russia's First Civil War: The Time of Troubles and the Founding of the Romanov Dynasty. (2001)
Kaiser, Daniel H. The Growth of the Law in Medieval Russia (1980)
*Kivelson, Valerie A. Autocracy in the Provinces : the Muscovite Gentry and Political Culture in the Seventeenth Century (1996)
* Kivelson, Valerie A. Cartographies of Tsardom: The Land and its Meanings in Seventeenth-Century Russia  (2006)
*Kollmann, Nancy Shields. By Honor Bound. State and Society in Early Modern Russia (1999)
*Kollmann, Nancy Shields. Kinship and Politics: The Making of the Muscovite Political System, 1345-1547 (1987)
Longworth, Phillip. Alexis Tsar of All the Russias (1984)
Pintner, Walter, and Don K. Rowney, eds. Russian Officialdom: The Bureaucratization of Russian Society from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Century (1980)
Poe, Marshall T. “The Truth about Muscovy,” Kritika 3, no. 3 (Summer 2002): 473-86.
Pouncy, Caroline, ed. Domostroi. The Rules for Russian Households in the Time of Ivan the Terrible (1994)
* Rowland, Daniel B. “Moscow the Third Rome or the New Israel?” Russian Review 55, no. 4 (October 1996): 591-614.
*Wortman, Richard. Scenarios of Power: Myth and Ceremony in Russian Monarchy from Peter the Great to the Abdication of Nicholas II. 1 vol. (2006)
Zenkovsky, Sergei. Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales (1974)

Social and Economic History

*Blum, Jerome. Lord and Peasant in Russia from the Ninth to the Nineteenth Century (1961)
Bushkovitch, Paul. The Merchants of Moscow, 1580-1650 (1980)
Crummey, Robert O. Aristocrats and Servitors: The Boyar Elite in Russia, 1613-1689 (1983)
Hartley, Janet M. A Social History of the Russian Empire (1999)
Hellie, Richard. Enserfment and Military Change in Muscovy (1971)
Hellie, Richard. Slavery in Russia, 1450-1725 (1982)
Hittle, J. Michael. The Service City: State and Townsmen in Russia, 1600-1800 (1979)
Kahan, Arcadius. The Plow, the Hammer, and the Knout: An Economic History of Eighteenth-Century Russia (1985)
*Kollmann, Nancy Shields. "Concepts of Society and Social Identity in Early Modern Russia." Religion and Culture in Early Modern Russia and Ukraine. ed. Samuel H. Baron, and Nancy Shields Kollmann, 34-51 (1997)
Keep, John L. H. Soldiers of the Tsar: Army and Society in Russia, 1462-1874 (1985)
Mironov, Boris. The Social History of Imperial Russia, 1700-1917 (2000)
Smith, R. E. F. Peasant Farming in Muscovy (1975)
Stevens, Carol Belkin. Soldiers on the Steppe: Army Reform and Social Change in Early Modern Russia (1995)
Wirtschafter, Elise. Structures of Society: Imperial Russia's 'People of Various Ranks’ (1994)

Religious, Intellectual, and Cultural History

*Baron, Samuel H., and Nancy Shields Kollmann, eds. Religion and Culture in Early Modern Russia and Ukraine (1997)
Brumfield, W. A History of Russian Architecture (1993)
Bushkovitch, Paul. Religion and Society in Russia: The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (1992)
Cherniavsky, Michael. Tsar and People: Studies in Russian Myths (1961)
Fedotov, G. P. The Russian Religious Mind. 2 vols. (1966)
Flier, Michael S. and Daniel Rowland, eds. Medieval Russian Culture, Vol. 2 (1994)
Gasparov, Boris, and Olga Raevsky-Hughes, eds. Christianity and the Eastern Slavs: Vol. 1: Slavic Cultures in the Middle Ages (1993)
*Kivelson, Valerie A. and Robert H. Greene, eds.  Orthodox Russia: Belief and Practice under the Tsars (2003)
*Michels, Georg Bernhard. At War With the Church: Religious Dissent in Seventeenth Century Muscovy (1999)
Nakhimovsky, Alexander D. and Alice Stone Nakhimovsky, eds. The Semiotics of Russian Cultural History: Essays by Iurii Lotman, Lidiia Ginsburg, and Boris Uspenskii (1985)
Poe, Marshall T. 'A People Born to Slavery': Russia in Early Modern European Ethnography, 1476-1748 (2000)
Thyret, Isolde. Between God and the Tsar (2002)
Tracy, James D. and Marguerite Ragnow. Religion and the Early Modern State: Views from China, Russia, and the West (2004)

The Empire and the Eighteenth Century

Anisimov, Evgenii. The Reforms of Peter the Great (1993)
Barrett, Thomas M. At The Edge of Empire: The Terek Cossacks and the North Caucasus Frontier, 1700-1860 (1999)
Cracraft, James. The Revolution of Peter the Great (2003)
*Crews, Robert D. For Prophet and Tsar: Islam and Empire in Russia and Central Asia (2006)
Hughes, L. Sophia: Regent of Russia, 1657-1704 (1990)
Jones, R. E. Provincial Development in Russia (1984)
Khodarkovsky, Michael.  Russia’s Steppe Frontier: The Making of a Colonial Empire (2004)
Klyuchevsky, V. O. Peter the Great (1958)
LeDonne, John. Absolutism and Ruling Class: The Formation of the Russian Political Order, 1700-1825 (1991)
Marker, Gary. Printing, Publishing, and the Origins of Intellectual Life in Russia, 1700-1800 (1985)
Marrese, Michelle Lamarche. A Woman’s Kingdom: Noblewomen and the Control of Property in Russia, 1700-1861 (2002)
*Raeff, Marc. The Well-Ordered Police State (1983)
Raeff, Marc. Origins of the Russian Intelligentsia (1966)
Ransel, David. The Politics of Catherinean Russia: The Panin Party (1975)
Riasanovsky, Nicholas V. The Image of Peter the Great in Russian History and Thought (1985)
Rogger, Hans. National Consciousness in 18th Century Russia (1960)
Smith, Douglas. Working the Rough Stone: Freemasonry and Society in Eighteenth-Century Russia (1999)
*Wirtschafter, Elise Kimerling. The Play of Ideas in Russian Enlightenment Theater (2003)
Zitser, Ernest A. The Transfigured Kingdom: Sacred Parody and Charismatic Authority at the Court of Peter the Great  (2004)

Specialized Monographs / Topics

Burbank, Jane, and David L. Ransel, eds. Imperial Russia: New Histories for the Empire (1998)
Cherniavsky, Michael, ed. The Structure of Russian History (1970)
Halperin, Charles J. "Edward Keenan and the Kurbskii-Groznyi Correspondence in Hindsight." Jahrbücher Für Geschichte Osteuropas 46, no. 3 (1998): 376-403.
Keenan, Edward. The Kurbskii-Groznyi Apocrypha: The Seventeenth Century Genesis of the ‘Correspondence’ Attributed to Prince A. M. Kurbskii and Tsar Ivan IV (1971)
Kollmann, Nancy, ed. Major Problems in Early Modern Russian History (1992)
Torke, H.-J. "Kliuchevskii's Istoriia soslovii." Canadian-American Slavic Studies 20:3-4 (1986), 309-329.

II. LATE IMPERIAL RUSSIA (approximately 1800-1916)

General Histories

(familiarity with the narrative of events of these years is assumed, for which such texts are a useful reference).
*Survey texts of Russian history recommended above (e.g. Cambridge History of Russia, vol. 2; Riasanovsky/Steinberg; and/or Freeze)
Rogger, Hans. Russia in the Age of Modernization and Revolution, 1881-1917 (1983)

Politics, Government, Monarchy, Empire

*Ascher, Abraham. The Revolution of 1905. 2 volumes (1988, 1992)
Ascher, Abraham. P. A. Stolypin: the Search for Stability in Late Imperial Russia (2001)
Eklof, Ben, John Bushnell and Larissa Zakharova, eds. Russia’s Great Reforms, 1855-1881 (1994)
Emmons, Terence. The Formation of Political Parties and the First National Elections in Russia (1983)
Hosking, Geoffrey, The Russian Constitutional Experiment: Government and Duma, 1907-1914 (1973)
Jelavich, Barbara. A Century of Russian Foreign Policy, 1814-1914 (1964)
Lieven, Dominic, Nicholas II: Emperor of all the Russias (1993)
Lieven, Dominic, Russia’s Rulers under the Old Regime (1989)
Lincoln, Bruce, In the Vanguard of Reform: Russia’s Enlightened Bureaucrats, 1825-1861 (1986)
Martin, Alexander, Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries: Russian Conservative Thought and Politics in the Reign of Alexander I (1997)
Raeff, Marc. Michael Speransky: Statesman of Imperial Russia, 1772-1839 (1969)
*Riasanovsky, Nicholas. Nicholas I and Official Nationality in Russia, 1825-1855  (1959)
*Steinberg, Mark. Fall of the Romanovs (1995) – introduction.
Verner, Andrew. The Crisis of Russian Autocracy (1990)
*Von Laue, T. H. Sergei Witte and the Industrialization of Russia (1969)
Wildman, Allan. The End of the Russian Imperial Army. 2 volumes (1980 and 1987)
*Wortman, Richard. Scenarios of Power: Myth and Ceremony in Russian Monarchy from Peter the Great to the Abdication of Nicholas II (1 volume edition, 2006)
Zaionchkovsky, P. A. Krizis samoderzhaviia na rubezhe 1870-1880-kh godov (1964) [also translation]
Zaionchkovsky, P. A. Otmena krepostnogo prava (1968) [also translation]

Empire, Nationalism, and Nationality (also in works in other categories)

*Brower, Daniel and Edward Lazzerini, eds. Russia's Orient: Imperial Borderlands and Peoples, 1700-1917 (1997)
Burbank, Jane, Mark von Hagen, and Anatoly Rembev, eds. Russian Empire: Space, People, Power, 1700-1930 (2007)
Crews, Robert. For Prophet and Tsar: Islam and Empire in Russia and Central Asia (2006)
Geraci, Robert. Window on the East: National and Imperial Identities in Late Tsarist Russia (2001)
Khalid, Adeeb. Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia (2000)
Nathans, Benjamin. Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia (2002)
Slezkine, Yuri. ArcticMirrors: Russia and the Small Peoples of the North (1994), chap 1-4.
Sunderland, Willard. Taming the Wild Field: Colonization and Empire on the Russian Steppe (2004)
Weeks, Theodore. Nation and State in Late Imperial Russia: Nationalism and Russification on the Western Frontier, 1863-1914 (1996)

Society and Culture

*Victoria Bonnell, Roots of Rebellion: Workers’ Politics and Organizations in St. Petersburg and Moscow, 1900‑1914 (1983)
*Bradley, Joseph. “Subjects into Citizens: Societies, Civil Society, and Autocracy in Tsarist Russia,” American Historical Review 107: 4 (October 2002)
*Brooks, Jeffrey. When Russia Learned to Read: Literacy and Popular Literature, 1861‑1917 (1985)
Burds, Jeffrey. Peasant Dreams and Market Politics: Labor Migration and the Russian Village, 1861-1905 (1998)
Clements, Barbara, Barbara Engel, and Christine Worobec, eds.  Russia’s Women: Accomodation, Resistance, Transformation (1991)
*Clowes, Edith, Samuel Kassow, and James West, eds., Between Tsar and People: Educated Society and the Quest for Public Identity in Late Imperial Russia (1991)
Emmons, Terence. The Russian Landed Gentry and the Peasant Emancipation of 1861 (1968)
Emmons, Terence, and Wayne Vucinich, eds. The Zemstvo in Russia (1982)
*Engel, Barbara Alpern. Between the Fields and the City: Women, Work, and Family in Russia, 1861-1914 (1994)
Engelstein, Laura. Castration and the Heavenly Kingdom : a Russian Folktale (1999)
*Engelstein, Laura. The Keys to Happiness: Sex and the Search for Modernity in Fin‑de‑Siècle Russia (1992)
Engelstein, Laura and Stephanie Sandler, eds. Self and Story in Russian History (2000)
Field, Daniel. End of Serfdom: Nobility and Bureaucracy in Russia, 1855-1861 (1976)
Frank, Stephen. Crime, Cultural Conflict, and Justice in Rural Russia, 1856-1914 (1999)
*Frank, Stephen, and Mark Steinberg, eds., Cultures in Flux: Lower-Class Values, Practices, and Resistance in Late Imperial Russia (1994)
Freeze, Gregory. The Parish Clergy in Nineteenth Century Russia (1983)
Gray, Camilla, The Russian Experiment in Art, 1863-1922 (1986)
*Haimson, Leopold. “The Problem of Social Stability in Urban Russia, 1905‑1917.” Slavic Review (December 1964 and March 1965)
*Hoch, Stephen. Serfdom and Social Control in Russia (1986)
Kelly, Catriona. Russian Literature: A Very Short Introduction (2001)
*Kelly, Catriona and David Shepherd, Constructing Russian Culture in the Age of Revolution: 1881-1940 (1998)
Kizenko, Nadieszda. A Prodigal Saint: Father John of Kronstadt and the Russian People (2000)
Kolchin, Peter. Unfree Labor: American Slavery and Russian Serfdom (1987)
Lindenmeyr, Adele. Poverty is Not a Vice: Charity, Society, and the State in Imperial Russia (1996)
Manning, Roberta. The Crisis of the Old Order in Russia: Gentry and Government (1982)
McDaniel, Tim. Autocracy, Capitalism, and Revolution in Russia (1988)
McReynolds, Louise. The News Under Russia’s Old Regime: The Development of a Mass-Circulation Press (1991)
McReynolds, Louise. Russia at Play: Leisure Activities at the End of the Tsarist Era (2002)
Mironov, Boris (with Ben Eklof). The Social History of Imperial Russia, 1700-1917 (2000) (or original Russian edition Sotsial’naia istoriia Rossii perioda imperii [1999])
Nathans, Banjamin. Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia (2002)
Neuberger, Joan. Hooliganism: Crime, Culture, and Power in St. Petersburg, 1900-1914 (1993)
Owen, Thomas. Capitalism and Politics in Russia: A Social History of the Moscow Merchants, 1855‑1905 (1981)
Ransel, David, ed. The Family in Imperial Russia (1978)
*Rieber, Alfred. Merchants and Entrepreneurs in Imperial Russia (1982)
Siegelbaum, Lewis and Ronald Suny, Making Workers Soviet: Power, Class, and Identity (1994) – chapters 1-4
Steinberg, Mark. Proletarian Imagination: Self, Modernity, and the Sacred in Russia, 1910-1925 (2002)
Steinberg, Mark, and Heather Coleman, eds. SacredStories: Religion and Spirituality in Modern Russia (2007)
Stites, Richard. The Women’s Liberation Movement in Russia (1978)
Wagner, William, Marriage, Property, and Law in Late Imperial Russia (1994)
*Worobec, Christine. Peasant Russia: Family and Community in the Post‑Emancipation Period (1991)
Wynn, Charters. Workers, Strikes, and Pogroms (1992)
Zelnik, Reginald. Labor and Society in Tsarist Russia: The Factory Workers of St. Petersburg, 1855-1870 (1971)
Zelnik, Reginald. Law and Disorder on the Narova River: The Kreenholm Strike of 1872 (1995)
*Zelnik, Reginald. “Russian Bebels,” Russian Review 35 (July 1976 and October 1976), 249-89 and 417-47

Ideas, the Intelligentsia, and Intellectual History

*Berlin, Isaiah Russian Thinkers (1978) -- esp. “A Remarkable Decade”
*Engel, Barbara, Mothers and Daughters: Women of the Intelligentsia in 19th Century Russia (1983)
Evtuhov, Catherine. The Cross and the Sickle: Sergei Bulgakov and the Fate of Russian Religious Philosophy (1997)
Frierson, Cathy. Peasant Icons: Representations of Rural People in Late Nineteenth Century Russia (1993)
Galai, Shmuel, The Liberation Movement in Russia, 1900‑1905 (1973)
*Haimson, Leopold. The Russian Marxists and the Origins of Bolshevism (1955)
Herzen, A., My Past and Thoughts (1924)
Kelly, Aileen. Toward Another Shore: Russian Thinkers Between Necessity and Chance (1998)
Kline, George. Religious and Anti-Religious Thought in Russia (1968)
*Malia, Martin Alexander Herzen and the Birth of Russian Socialism (1961)
Murav, Harriet. Russia’s Legal Fictions (1998)
Paperno, Irina. Chernyshevsky and the Age of Realism (1988)
Paperno, Irina. Suicide as a Cultural Institution in Dostoevsky's Russia (1997)
Richard Pipes,  Struve. 2 volumes (1970, 1980)
*Philip Pomper, The Russian Revolutionary Intelligentsia (1970)
*Raeff, Marc, ed., The Decembrist Movement (1966) – introduction
*Randolph, John. A House in the Garden: The Bakunin Family and the Romance of Russian Idealism (2007)
Read, Christopher. Religion, Revolution and the Russian Intelligentsia, 1900-1912 (1979)
*Riasanovsky, Nicholas. A Parting of the Ways: Government and the Educated Public in Russia, 1801-1855 (1976)
Rosenberg, William. Liberals in the Russian Revolution: The Constitutional Democratic Party, 1917-1921 (1974) – part 1
Rosenthal, Bernice Glatzer. New Myth, New World: From Nietzsche to Stalinism (2002) – part 1.
Rosenthal, Bernice Glatzer, ed. Nietzsche in Russia (1986)
Service, Robert. Lenin: a Political Life. Vols. 1-2  (1985, 1991)
Tucker, Robert, ed., The Lenin Anthology (1975)
Vekhi  (1909)
*Walicki, Andrzej. A History of Russian Thought from the Enlightenment to Marxism (1979)
Walicki, Andrzej. The Slavophile Controversy: History of a Conservative Utopia in Nineteenth-Century Russian Thought (1975)



Cohen, Stephen F., Rethinking the Soviet Experience: Politics and History since 1917 (1985)
| Communist Party of the Soviet Union, History (Short Course) (1939)
Nation, Craig, Black Earth, Red Star: A History of Soviet Security Policy (1992)
Schapiro, Leonard, The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1971) (2d ed.)
Any recent textbook, such as Ronald Grigor Suny, The Soviet Experiment (1997); Peter Kenez, A History of the Soviet Union from Beginning to End (2d ed., 2006)

Topical Studies

Society, Class, Gender, Nation

*Bailes, Kendall, Technology and Society under Lenin and Stalin (1978)
Brown, Kate, A Biography of No Place: From Ethnic Borderland to Soviet Heartland, (2003)
*Clements, Barbara.  Bolshevik Women (1997)
Gitelman, Zvi Y., Jewish Nationality and Soviet Politics (1972)
Goldman, Wendy Z., Women, the State, and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social Life, 1917-1936 (1993)
*Goldman, Wendy Z., Women at the Gates: Gender and Industry in Stalin’s Russia (2002)
Healey, Dan. Homosexual Desire in Revolutionary Russia (2002)
*Hirsch, Francine, Empire of Nations: Ethnographic Knowledge and the Making of the Soviet Union (2005)
*Koenker, Diane P., Republic of Labor: Russian Printers and Soviet Socialism, 1918-1930 (2005)
Lewin, Moshe, The Making of the Soviet System: Essays in the Social History of Interwar Russia (1985)
*Martin, Terry, The Affirmative Action Empire (2001)
*Northrop, Douglas Taylor. Veiled Empire: Gender and Power in Stalinist Central Asia (2004)
*Slezkine, Yuri, Arctic Mirrors: Russia and the Small Peoples of the North (1994)
Suny, Ronald Grigor, The Revenge of the Past: Nationalism, Revolution, and the Collapse of the Soviet Union (1994)
Wood, Elizabeth, The Baba and the Comrade: Gender and Politics in Revolutionary Russia (1997)

Culture and Ideas

Bonnell, Victoria. Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and Stalin (1997)
Boym, Svetlana, Common Places: Mythologies of Everyday Life in Russia (1994)
*Clark, Katerina, Petersburg: Crucible of Cultural Revolution (1995)
Clark, Katerina, The Soviet Novel: History as Ritual (1985)
Dunham, Vera, In Stalin's Time: Middleclass Values in Soviet Fiction (1976)
*Fitzpatrick, Sheila, The Cultural Front: Power and Culture in Revolutionary Russia (1992)
Graham, Loren, Science and Philosophy in the Soviet Union, 1974 (1966)
Joravsky, David, The Lysenko Affair (1970)
Naiman, Eric, Sex in Public:  The Incarnation of Early Soviet Ideology (1997)
Petrone, Karen, Life Has Become More Joyous, Comrades: Celebrations in the Time of Stalin (2000)
*Steinberg, Mark D., Proletarian Imagination: Self, Modernity, and the Sacred in Russia,1910-1925 (2002)
*Stites, Richard, Revolutionary Dreams: Utopian Vision and Experimental Life in the Russian Revolution (1985)
Stites, Richard, Russian Popular Culture: Entertainment and Society since 1900 (1992)
Vucinich, Alexander, Empire of Knowledge: The Academy of Science of the USSR (1917-1970) (1984)
Widdis, Emma, Visions of a New Land: Soviet Film from the Revolution to the Second World War (2003)

Politics and Economy

Alexopoulos, Golfo, Stalin's Outcasts: Aliens, Citizens, and the Soviet State, 1926-1936 (2003)
Allen, Robert C., From Farm to Factory: A Reinterpretation of the Soviet Industrial Revolution (2003)
*Cohen, Stephen F., Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution (1973)
*Daniels, Robert V., The Conscience of the Revolution (1960)
Davies, R.W., The Industrialization of Soviet Russia, (2 vols.) (1979)
Davies, R.W., The Socialist Offensive: The Collectivization of Soviet Agriculture, 1929-30 (1980)
Deutscher, Isaac, The Prophet Armed: Trotsky, 1879-1921 (1954)
Deutscher, Isaac, The Prophet Unarmed: Trotsky, 1921-1929 (1959)
Deutscher, Isaac, The Prophet Outcast: Trotsky, 1929-1940 (1963)
Deutscher, Isaac, Stalin (1966)
Fainsod, Merle, Smolensk under Soviet Rule (1958)
Gregory, Paul, The Political Economy of Socialism: Evidence from the Soviet Secret Archives (2004)
Harding, Neil, Leninism (1996)
*Hessler, Julie, A Social History of Soviet Trade: Trade Policy, Retail Practices, and Consumption, 1917-1953 (2004)
Tucker, Robert C., Stalin as Revolutionary, 1879-1929 (1973)
*Tucker, Robert C., Stalin in Power: The Revolution from Above, 1929-1941 (1990)
*Tucker, Robert C., ed., Stalinism: Essays in Historical Interpretation (1977)


Revolution,  Civil War, and NEP

*Carr, E. H., The Bolshevik Revolution, 1917-1923 (3 vols.) (1950-53)
Chamberlin, William H., The Russian Revolution,  (2 vols.) (1935)
Danilov, Victor P., Rural Russia under the New Regime  (1988)
Erlich, Alexander, The Soviet Industrialization Debate, 1924-1928 (1960)
Figes, Orlando, Peasant Russia, Civil War: The Volga Countryside in Revolution (1917-1921) (1989)
Figes, Orlando, and Boris Kolonitskii, Interpreting the Russian Revolution : the Language and Symbols of 1917 )1999)
Getzler, Israel, Kronstadt, 1917-1921: Fate of a Soviet Democracy (1983)
Gorsuch, Anne, Youth in Revolutionary Russia: Enthusiasts, Bohemians, Delinquents (2000)
Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi, The February Revolution: Petrograd, 1917 (1981)
Holquist, Peter,  Making War, Forging Revolution: Russia’s Continuum of Crisis, 1914-1921 (2002)
Kenez, Peter, The Birth of the Soviet Propaganda State: Soviet Methods of Mass Mobilization, 1917-1930 (1985)
Koenker, Diane P., and William G. Rosenberg, Strikes and Revolution in Russia, 1917 (1989)
Koenker, Diane P., William G. Rosenberg, and Ronald Grigor Suny, eds., Party, State, and Society in the Russian Civil War (1989)
*Koenker, Diane, Moscow Workers and the 1917 Revolution (1981)
Mally, Lynn, Culture of the Future: The Proletcult Movement in Revolutionary Russia  (1990)
*Mawdsley, Evan, The Russian Civil War (1987)
McAuley, Mary, Bread and Justice: State and Society in Petrograd 1917-1922 (1991)
*Pipes, Richard, The Formation of the Soviet Union (1968)
Rabinowitch, Alexander, The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd  (1976)
Raleigh, Donald J., Revolution on the Volga: 1917 in Saratov (1986)
Rosenberg, William G., Liberals in the Russian Revolution (1974)
*Siegelbaum, Lewis H., Soviet State and Society between Revolutions, 1918-1929 (1992)
Smith, S. A., Red Petrograd: Revolution in the Factories (1983)
Sukhanov, N.N., The Russian Revolution 1917, 1984 (1922)
Trotsky,  Leon, Problems of Everyday Life (1973)
*Wade, Rex. The Russian Revolution, 1917 (2000)
Wildman, Allan K., The End of the Russian Imperial Army, 2 vols. (1980, 1987)

Stalin period (1929-1953)

Barber, John, and Mark Harrison, The Soviet Home Front 1941-1945: A Social and Economic History of the USSR in World War II  (1991)
Brooks, Jeffrey, Thank You Comrade Stalin! Soviet Public Culture from Revolution to Cold War  (2000)
*Conquest, Robert, The Great Terror, 1968 (rev. ed. 1990)
Dunmore, Timothy, Stalin's Command Economy (1980)
Erickson, John, The Road to Stalingrad: Stalin's War with Germany (1984 [1976])
*Fitzpatrick, Sheila. Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary Life in Extraordinary Times: Soviet Russia in the 1930s (1999)
*Fitzpatrick, Sheila, Stalin's Peasants: Resistance and Survival in the Russian Village after Collectivization (1994)
Fitzpatrick, Sheila, Tear Off the Masks! Identity and Imposture in Twentieth-Century Russia  (2005)
Fürst, Juliane, ed., Late Stalinist Russia: Society between Reconstruction and Reinvention (2006)
Getty, J. Arch, and Roberta Manning, eds., Stalinist Terror (1993)
Getty, J. Arch, and Oleg V. Naumov,  The Road to Terror: Stalin and the Self-Destruction of the Bolsheviks, 1932-1939 (1999)
Gorodetsky, Gabriel, Grand Illusion: Stalin and the German Invasion of Russia (1999)
Gronow, Jukka, Caviar with Champagne: Common Luxury and the Ideals of the Good Life in Stalin's Russia (2003)
Hellbeck, Jochen, Revolution on My Mind: Writing a Diary under Stalin (2006)
*Kotkin, Stephen, Magnetic Mountain: Stalinism as a Civilization (1995)
*Lewin, Moshe, Russian Peasants and Soviet Power: A Study of Collectivization (1968)
Siegelbaum, Lewis H., Stakhanovism and the Politics of Productivity in the USSR, 1935-1941 (1988)
Solomon, Peter H., Jr., Soviet Criminal Justice under Stalin (1996)
*Timasheff, Nicholas, The Great Retreat (1946)
Viola, Lynne, Peasant Rebels under Stalin: Collectivization and the Culture of Peasant Resistance (1995)
Weiner, Amir. Making Sense of War: The Second World War and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution (2001)
Werth, Alexander, Russia at War 1941-1945 (1964)


Brown, Archie, The Gorbachev Factor (1996)
*Carrere d'Encausse, Decline of an Empire: Soviet Socialist Republics in Revolt (1980)
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